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Ch. 21: Lipid Biosynthesis Flashcards | Quizlet

The biosynthesis of triacylglycerols from acetate occurs mainly in: B) humans after ingestion of excess carbohydrate

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Arachidonate is derived mainly by hydrolysis of triacylglycerols

In contrast, fatty acids occur inmost animal fats especially in butter and ruminant fats.

Among the most common, Elaidic acid (t9-octadecenoic acid) and t-vaccenic acid (t11-octadecenoic acid) are found in the rumen and in lipids of ruminant animals. -Vaccenic acid which is the major trans-monounsaturated fatty acid present in several food products (milk, yoghurt, cheese, butter and meats) results from the bio-hydrogenation of rumenic acid.

The elaidinization reaction was first obtained by a French pharmacist, Poutet JJE(), who observed that trioleine could beconverted to the consistency of pork lard when treated with the oxides ofnitrogen derived from mercurous nitrate (mainly nitrous acid).

The biosynthesis of triacylglycerols from acetate occurs mainly in: A) animals but not in …

Influences are felt which relate to the number of carbon atoms, unsaturation and conformation of the fatty acids, others mainly to the triacylglycerol structure itself.

Chapter 21: Lipid Biosynthesis Flashcards | Quizlet

In the first place total biosynthesis of fattyacids occurs in the cytosol, whereas fatty acid oxidation occurs in themitochondria.

Cultured under specific and tightly controlled conditions, these algae produced commercially oils which are used in infant formula, foods, beverages, and a variety of supplements ().
More interestingly, an alternative pathway for DHA biosynthesis (the anaerobic polyketide synthase pathway) was also reported recently to occur in microorganisms including bacteria and some eukaryotes including (Heteroconta, Thraustochytriidae) ().

It was observed that DHA biosynthesis by delta4-desaturation could be enhanced in the human species by transfecting the enzyme in human lymphocytes, and it should be determined if that approach could normalize the DHA levels in cells from Zellweger patients ().

The liver and the brain astrocytes are considered to be the main sites for biosynthesis of DHA.

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In the first place total biosynthesis of fatty acids occurs in the cytosol, whereas fatty acid …

Interesterification can be directed away from randomness if the oil is maintained at a temperature below the melting point of some triacylglycerols which might result.

It is likely that these fatty acids arise from asymbiotic relationship of bacteria with the host cells of marineinvertebrates. Two 5,9 trienoic acids have been identified for the firsttime in triacylglycerols from mollusk gonads, 5,9,15-22:3 and 5,9,15-24:3 ().

While all these unsaturated fatty acids were isolated from phospholipids, apolyethylenic fatty methyl ester (5,9,23-30:3) was isolated from a Mediterraneansponge ( Demospongiae) ().

Based on the distribution of 5,9 fatty acids it may conclude that thebiosynthetic pathways of invertebrates, sponges, myxomycetes, and some plantshave a common enzymatic system to synthesize 5,9 ethylene-interrupted dienoicacids.

Triacylglycerol biosynthesis in the intestine is believed to occur mainly …
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    The biosynthesis of triacylglycerols from acetate occurs mainly in: humans after ingestion of excess …

  • Triacylglycerols (triglycerides) - biosynthesis and …


  • Biosynthesis of Triacylglycerols

    21: Lipid Biosynthesis

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Lipin-1 activity requires Mg 2+ ions and is …

Fatty acid oxidationFatty acid oxidation is a set of cyclical series of long-chain fatty acids oxidations that occur in the mitochondria resulting in production of short-chain fatty acids, generating NADH, FADH2 and acetyl-CoA for biosynthetic pathways and produce ATP.

Chapter 21- Bio 541 Flashcards | Quizlet

This fatty acid is mainly located in of the chloroplast membranes. Along with some angiosperms, it was shown that the occurrence of 16:3 n-3 is characteristic of prokaryotic organisms such as cyanobacteria, as well as of microalgae, mosses, ferns, conifers, and other eucaryotic plant groups of a lower taxonomic position.

Very long chain (n-3) fatty acids were described in the blubber of seals (Phoca hispida) from northern fresh or seawater.

Synthesis of Fatty Acids Flashcards | Quizlet

Saturated fatty acid residues tend to adopt mainly a zigzag type of conformation when in the crystal lattice of triacylglycerols, and the inclusion of a double bond does not significatively affect this situation, despite the slight shortening of the carbon chain which it entails.

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