The rate of protein synthesis is higher in ..
20/09/2013 · Protein synthesis rate is the predominant regulator of protein expression during differentiation
Myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis rates subsequent …
Yarasheski and colleagues (1993) also found that muscle protein synthesis rates in older adults (63-66 years) increased significantly in response to 2 weeks of resistance training.
Resistance Exercise Training Increases Mixed Muscle Protein Synthesis Rate in Frail Women and Men &Mac179;76 yr old. American Journal of Physiology 277: 118-125.
myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis rates in response to the ..
The level of food intake has profound effects on the rate of incorporation of lipogenic precursors into fatty acids in ruminant adipose tissue (4, 5). Smith et al. (4) demonstrated that graded increases in the level of food intake markedly increased de novo lipogenesis. Smith and Prior (6) suggested that ATP-citrate lyase is rate limiting to the incorporation of lactate into fatty acids because of the high correlation between the intracellular concentration of citrate and the rate of lipogenesis from lactate. Studies conducted using chickens demonstrated that short-term fasting reduces lipogenesis (7), while meal size increased the proportion of glycogen synthesized by rats (8).
Hudgins et al. (12) demonstrated that fatty acid synthesis was markedly stimulated in weight-stable normal human volunteers by a very-low-fat formula diet with 10% of energy as fat and 75% as short glucose polymers. Recently, researchers (13) concluded that fatty acid synthesis was reduced by the substitution of dietary starch for sugar and resulted in potential beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. Even though the mechanism(s) by which nutrition influences lipogenesis have not been established this influence may be via metabolic hormones or nutrient availability.
Measuring the rate of photosynthesis - Science and …
In addition, Yarasheski and others (1999) reported that 3 months of supervised progressive resistance training increased the rate of muscle protein synthesis by approximately 50% in seventeen frail 76 to 92 year old men and women.
Hasten and others (2000) reported that following a 2-week supervised RT program muscle protein synthesis rates increased up to 182% from baseline in seven 78 to 84 year olds.
Speech Synthesis Initialize and Manage the Speech Synthesizer
A voice is an installed Runtime Language for speech synthesis
fractional synthesis rate.
(TTS)output, including pitch, rate, ..
synthesis tells us exactly how frequently natural lifters should train if they want to build muscle at an optimal rate
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The absolute synthesis rate is the absolute amount of albumin that is daily synthesized
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Although protein synthesis rates decrease with age, research is finding that progressive RT can increase protein synthesis rates in as little as two weeks.
Voice characteristics, pronunciation, volume, pitch, rate or speed ..
GH and IGF-1 play a dominant role in the regulation of protein metabolism; GH and T are required for protein maintenance; and IGF-1 levels are positively correlated with muscle protein synthesis rates, specifically myofibrillar protein (actin and myosin filaments) and myosin heavy chain synthesis (part of the myosin containing cross-bridges) (Waters, Baumgartner & Garry 2000).
Reactions & Rates - Reaction | Kinematics | …
Additionally, research has consistently reported that muscle protein synthesis rates are lower in older adults when compared to younger adults (Nair 1995; Yarasheski et al.
What affects the rate of a reaction
These findings suggest that older men and women retain the ability to increase the rate of muscle protein synthesis in response to acute and long-term progressive resistance training.
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With age, the changes in whole-body protein turnover reflect a decreased synthesis rate rather than an increased catabolic rate (Vandervoort & Symons 2001).
An Introduction to Molecular Biology/Protein ..
The rate of fatty acid synthesis is controlled by the equilibrium between the monomeric and polymeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Control of the acetyl-CoA carboxylase enzyme involves phosphorylation-dephosphorylation reactions (3). Metabolically, this conformational change is enhanced by citrate and is inhibited by long-chain fatty acids (i.e. palmitoyl-CoA). The accumulation of citrate in the cytosol of adipose cells shifts equilibrium to the polymeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase, thus activating fatty acid biosynthesis. Palmitoyl-CoA promotes polymer disaggregation and is a primary feedback inhibitor of fatty acid synthesis.
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