is used in the synthesis of Nylon-6,6
for the synthesis of nylon 6
Matthew Dintzner - Cyclohexanol Cycle and Synthesis …
His research interests focus on the design of novel organic conjugated aromatic semiconducting polymers for a range of optical, electronic, photovoltaic, and bio-electronic applications. This spans from chemical design conception, through synthesis and characterization. A key aspect of his research has involved control of the molecular alignment and organization of polymers and small molecules in the liquid crystalline phase, aiming towards a better understanding of the relationships between molecular self-assembly and charge transport properties of semiconducting polymers. His research led to the discovery of a liquid crystalline thiophene polymer which has served for over a decade as a benchmark semiconductor, employed in fundamental studies of the properties of organic field effect transistors, demonstrating the feasibility of solution processed organic polymers, and provided the impetus for advances in the field. More recently, his research interests have encompassed organic electronics, solar cells, OLEDs, organic bioelectronics and spintronics. He is a co-inventor on 56 patent families filed from these research activities, and has published over 250 peer reviewed publications.
Alan Herbert Cowley was born in Manchester, England. He was educated at the University of Manchester, England, where he received the following degrees: Bachelor of Science with Honors in Chemistry in 1955, Master of Science in 1956, and Doctor of Philosophy in 1958. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow, and later an Instructor at the University of Florida during the period 1958-1960. During the years 1960-1961 he was a Technical Officer with the Exploratory Group of Imperial Chemical Industries (Billingham Division), England. From 1962 to 1988 he was at The University of Texas at Austin, where he held the following positions: Assistant Professor of Chemistry, 1962-1967, Associate Professor of Chemistry, 1967-1970, Professor of Chemistry, 1970-1984, George W. Watt Centennial Professor of Chemistry, 1984-1988. From 1988-1989, he was the Sir Edward Frankland Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at Imperial College, London, U.K. He returned to the University of Texas at Austin in 1989 and currently holds the Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry.
He is the author of over 500 publications
Royal Society of Chemistry Award for Main-Group Element Chemistry, 1980 ;Centenary Medal and Lectureship, Royal Society of Chemistry, 1986; American Chemical Society Southwest Regional Award, 1986; Stiefvater Memorial Award and Lectureship, University of Nebraska, 1987; Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (Britain's National Academy), 1988; Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists, 1994; von Humboldt Prize, 1996; Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques. Decoration awarded by the French Government, 1997; Honorary Doctorate, University of Bordeaux I, 2003; Elected a Corresponding Member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences, 2004; The University Co-operative Society Career Research Excellence Award, 2006; C. N. R. Rao Award and Lecture, New Delhi, India, 2007; Elected a Corresponding Member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences, 2007; Elected a Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, 2007; 2009 American Chemical Society Award for Distinguished Service in the Advancement of Inorganic Chemistry.
Other Honors :
Dalton Chemical Scholar, University of Manchester, 1956-1958; Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst Fellowship, 1973; Guggenheim Fellowship, 1976-1977; Jeremy I. Musher Memorial Lectureship. The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel, 1979; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Inorganic Chemistry, 1979-1983; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Chemical Reviews, 1984-1988; Chairman, Gordon Research Conference on Inorganic Chemistry, 1983; Appointed to the Board of Inorganic Syntheses, 1983-. Editor-in-Chief of Volume 31; Elected to Council of Gordon Research Conferences, 1984-1987; College of Natural Sciences Award for Teaching Excellence, 1984; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Polyhedron, 1984-1998; Mobay Lecturer, University of New Hampshire, 1985; Karcher Lecturer, University of Oklahoma, 1985; Appointed to the Editorial Board of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1986-1991; Elected Councilor, American Chemical Society, Division of Inorganic Chemistry, 1986-1989; Appointed to the Editorial Board of the Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 1987-; Appointed to the American Chemical Society Committee on Divisional Activities, 1987-1989; Reilly Lecturer, University of Notre Dame, 1987; Appointed to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Chemical Sciences Review Panel, 1987-1990; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Organometallics, 1988-1991; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Progress in Inorganic Chemistry, 1988- ; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Heteroatom Chemistry, 1988-1996; Elected to the Board of Trustees of the Gordon Research Conferences, 1989-1998; Appointed to the Editorial Board of Advances in Inorganic Chemistry, 1989 - ; Irvine Lecturer, St. Andrews University, Scotland, 1989; Fischel Lecturer, Vanderbilt University, 1991; Frontiers of Science Lecturer, Wayne State University, 1991; Appointed by Governor Richards of Texas to the Executive Board of Texas Science and Mathematics Renaissance Centers, 1991-93; Baxter Lecturer, Northern Illinois University, 1992; Appointed to the Scientific Committee of the European Journal of Solid State and Inorganic Chemistry, 1992-8.; Co-Chairman, First Gordon Research Conference on Science Education, 1992; Frontiers in Materials Science Lecturer, University of Iowa, 1993; Elected Vice-Chair, Gordon Research Conferences Board of Trustees, 1993; Elected Chair, Gordon Research Conferences Board of Trustees, 1994-95; Inaugural Etter Memorial Lecturer, University of Minnesota, 1995; President, International Council on Main Group Chemistry, 1997-98; Appointed to the International Advisory Board of Dalton Transactions, 1997-2000; Appointed Institut Universitaire de France Professor, 1999; Appointed to the Science and Engineering Advisory Board of ORFID, Inc., 2004; Appointed to the International Advisory Board of the Jordanian Journal of Chemistry, 2004; Gauss Professorship, GÃ¶ttingen Academy of Sciences, 2006; F. G. A. Stone Lectureship, University of Bristol, U.K., 2007.
(1)Main group chemistry; (2)Organometallic chemistry; (3)Catalysis; (4)Precursors to electronic materials; (5)Inorganic polymers; (6)Environmental chemistry.
Preparation of nylon 6,6 by condensation polymerization
In the 1970’s she was the pioneer of the molybdenum cluster chalcohalides synthesized at high temperature. She has structurally characterized the first Mo4 tetrahedral cluster chalcohalides, and more recently, derived from these previous works, she obtained the first type-II-clathrate giant framework built from a molybdenum metal cluster. She has isolated the first families of Mo6 chalcohalides in which the progressive replacement of halogen ligands by chalcogen ones allows to reduce the dimensionality and to control the strengthening of intercluster interactions giving several series going from insulators with dielectric relaxations and dipole glass behaviour to semi-conductors and to metallic conductors with superconducting transitions. Theoretical calculations accompanied these structural works to study the metal-metal and metal-ligand bonding and to explain their physical properties.
He is currently associate editor of the Journal of the American Chemical Society. His broad research interests range from the development of new polymer-forming reactions, including methods of organometallic chemistry, to the chemistry and physics of small molecules, graphenes, dendrimers and biosynthetic hybrids. His work further encompasses the formation of multi-dimensional polymers with complex shape-persistent architectures, nanocomposites, and molecular materials with liquid crystalline properties for electronic and optoelectronic devices. He owns about 60 patents, published nearly 1700 papers.
Preparation of nylon 6,6 by condensation polymerization 1
Ernst Wagner, PhD in chemistry in 1985 from TU Vienna, full professor of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology at LMU Munich since 2001, is member of the Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), and executive board member of the Cluster of Excellence ‘Nanosystems Initiative Munich’, contributing to polymer-based delivery systems for thirty years. Since 1988 as Group Leader at IMP Vienna, he developed synthetic virus-like gene transfer, including adenovirus-enhanced transferrinfection (AVET), which led to the first-in-world polymer-based gene therapy study (IL-2 gene-modified cancer vaccines) in 1994, developed under his function as Director for Cancer Vaccines at Boehringer Ingelheim Austria (1992-2001). His current research focuses on chemical evolution of sequence-defined carriers for drugs, proteins and therapeutic nucleic acids, with a medical focus on tumor-targeted therapies. He has authored ≥420 publications (h-index 75), is Editor-in Chief of The Journal of Gene Medicine, Editor of Pharmaceutical Research, board member of the German Society for Gene Therapy, committee member of the American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy (ASGCT), invited guest professor at Utrecht University (1996), Fudan University (Shanghai 2012-13), Sichuan University (Chengdu 2014-17), and was awarded with the Attocube research award, Phoenix Pharma Science award, and the election into CRS College of Fellows.
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The Cyclohexanol Cycle and Synthesis of Nylon 6,6: Green Chemistry in the Undergraduate Organic Laboratory
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