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Journal of Dermatological Science

Salambek N. Khadzhiev (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

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275 Words

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History and Epistemology of Science in the Classroom: …

In the past several years, Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) efforts have produced myriad examples of computationally designed materials in the fields of energy storage, catalysis, thermoelectrics, and hydrogen storage as well as large data resources that are used to screen for potentially transformative compounds. The bottleneck in high-throughput materials design has thus shifted to materials synthesis, which motivates our development of a methodology to automatically compile materials synthesis parameters across tens of thousands of scholarly publications using natural language processing techniques. To demonstrate our framework’s capabilities, we examine the synthesis conditions for various metal oxides across more than 12 thousand manuscripts. We then apply machine learning methods to predict the critical parameters needed to synthesize titania nanotubes via hydrothermal methods and verify this result against known mechanisms. Finally, we demonstrate the capacity for transfer learning by using machine learning models to predict synthesis outcomes on materials systems not included in the training set and thereby outperform heuristic strategies.

Publishes products and services for the practice and advancement of the chemical sciences.

Vladimir E. Agabekov (Institute of Chemistry of New Materials, Minsk, Belarus), Sergey M. Aldoshin (Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Chernogolovka, Russia), Lyubov’ K. Altunina (Institute of Petroleum Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia), Evgenii I. Bagrii (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Roman S. Borisov (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Aleksandr M. Danilov (OAO VNIINP, Moscow, Russia), Aleksei G. Dedov (Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia), Usein M. Dzhemilev (Institute of Petrochemistry and Catalysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, Russia), Sergei S. Galibeev (SIBUR Technology Center, Moscow, Russia), Ilias M. Gerzeliev (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Guram N. Gordadze (Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia), Husain M. Kadiev (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Vladimir M. Kapustin (OAO VNIPIneft, Moscow, Russia), Eduard A. Karakhanov (Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia), Yulyi A. Kolbanovskii (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Vladimir N. Koshelev (Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia), Mikhail I. Levinbuk (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Sergei V. Lysenko (Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia), Akhmet M. Mazgarov (All-Russia Research Institute of Hydrocarbon Raw Materials, Kazan, Russia), Ilia E. Nifant’ev (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Aleksandr S. Noskov (Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia), Oleg Parenago (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Ramiz G. Rizaev (Institute of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan), Konstantin B. Rudyak (Department of Development Refining “Rosneft,” Moscow, Russia), Mark V. Tsodikov (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Nikolai Ya. Usachev (Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia), Vladimir A. Vinokurov (Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia), and Goakhar D. Zakumbaeva (Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan)

philosophy of science journal, Synthese - Springer

Mayya Kulikova (Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

The history of the quinine synthesis can be used as a case study to emphasize that science is influenced by social and historical processes. The first efforts toward the synthesis of this substance, which until recently was the only treatment for malaria, were by Perkin in 1856 when, trying to obtain quinine, he synthesized mauveine. Since then, the quest for the total synthesis of quinine involved several characters in a web of controversies. A major step in this process was made in 1918 by Rabe and Kindler, who proposed the synthesis of quinine from quinotoxine. Twenty-six years later, after obtaining the total synthesis of quinotoxine, Woodward and Doering announced the total synthesis of quinine. However, the lack of experimental details about Rabe and Kindler’s process, associated with Woodward and Doering’s failure to reproduce it, raised a series of doubts about the synthesis. Stork and colleagues questioned the veracity of the experimental data and even the scientific reputation of the involved researchers. Doubts remained alive until 2008, when Williams and Smith reported, not without reservations, the reproducibility of Rabe and Kindler’s protocol. The scientific knowledge as a social and historical development, its legitimating process, and the absence of neutrality in science constitute aspects that can be discussed from this case study, providing significant contributions to science education, in particular, to the initial or continued training of chemistry teachers.

(), founded in 1961, offers original papers and reviews of theoretical and experimental studies concerned with current problems of petroleum chemistry and processing such as chemical composition of crude oils and natural gas liquids; petroleum refining (cracking, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming); catalysts for petrochemical processes (hydrogenation, isomerization, oxidation, hydroformylation, etc.); activation and catalytic transformation of hydrocarbons and other components of petroleum, natural gas, and other complex organic mixtures; new petrochemicals including lubricants and additives; environmental problems; and information on scientific meetings relevant to these areas.

Humanoids history, current state of the art, ..

A Brief History of Research Synthesis - Jun 22, 2016

Editors evaluate manuscripts submitted to the journal based solely on their merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, and clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The editor-in-chief has full authority over the entire journal’s content and the timing of its publication.

Many of those studies include a short history of the biological and commercial applications of related compounds, and often include biological screening data corresponding to newly reported compounds.

A Brief History of Research Synthesis Show less Show all authors
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  • Epistemology & Philosophy of Science

    Synthese is a philosophy journal focusing on contemporary issues in epistemology, philosophy of science, ..

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    Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis

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