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DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis - Biology Is Fun

DNA, RNA and protein synthesis

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Processes of DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis ..

I mean, replicate the strand of DNA on your desk.
MUTATIONS
Mistakes made during DNA replication or protein synthesis called
mutations
.

Read about mutations on your handout.

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis Flashcards | …



Protein is complete and falls off of the ribosome
Our mug is now not only empty, but it is gone all together
Translation
The second part of protein synthesis is called
translation
.
Now go replicate your DNA!
Well, not really, although your DNA is replicating right now without your help.

DNA, RNA, DNA Replication, Protein Synthesis and ..

DNA: Structure, Replication and Protein Synthesis by …

300 animation in textbook
Step 2 -
Complimentary bases are added to each strand.

As the strands separate, new nitrogen bases (actually nucleotide units) are added by proteins called
DNA Polymerases.


This continues until both strands are completely copied.
Replication Is Complete
(and more)
When the process is over there are two
exact
copies of the DNA molecule.
Why is it important that the copies be identical?
There are about 100 starting points when a human DNA molecule is copied.
It takes about eight hours to copy a human DNA molecule.
Protein Synthesis
Process of reading DNA instructions and making proteins
.

This Concept Map, created with IHMC CmapTools, has information related to: dna replication, an RNA primer which is replaced by DNA polymerase I, synthesized continuously by DNA polymerase, enzymes and proteins such as DNA ligase, DNA polymerase I then the Okazaki fragments are linked covalently, the Okazaki fragments are linked covalently by DNA ligase, semiconservative meaning one strand is conserved, enzymes and proteins such as gyrase, DNA helicase unzips DNA helix, discontinuously synthesized first RNA primase, gyrase produce breaks in DNA to prevent knotting and strain, enzymes and proteins such as DNA helicase, enzymes and proteins such as DNA polymerase I, DNA helix forming replication fork, enzymes and proteins such as RNA primase, free nucleotides in 5' -> 3' direction, DNA Replication is semiconservative, enzymes and proteins such as DNA polymerase III, replication fork forms leading strand, single stranded binding proteins keep DNA separated, lagging strand is discontinuously synthesized

DNA/REPLICATION/PROTEIN SYNTHESIS - YouTube

DNA and Protein Synthesis - BioTopics Website



Protein synthesis
has two stages:
Transcription
and
Translation
Transcription
is the process of making an
RNA
strand from the DNA.
Translation
is the making of
proteins
from the
RNA
code.
Translate means to change "languages" (from nucleic acids to amino acids)
Transcribe means to make a copy of something from one source to another
Transcription
There are three steps to transcription.
Step 1 - a protein known as
RNA polymerase
attaches to a specific part of the DNA molecule
(the promoter)
.
Step 2 - The
RNA polymerase
unwinds and separates the DNA double helix.
Step 3 -
RNA polymerase matches complimentary bases to
one
of the DNA strands.

The nitrogen base
Uracil
binds to
Adenine
rather than
Thymine.

This is because soy protein influences sex hormone metabolism andbiological activity through intracellular enzymes, proteinsynthesis, growth factor actions, malignant cell proliferation,cell differentiation and angiogenesis ().

Quia - DNA, RNA, replication, protein synthesis, quiz
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