Quote From The Frontier Thesis | Marilyn Tuck
The existence of this land ofopportunity has made America the goal of idealists from the days of the PilgrimFathers.
Quote from the frontier thesis - …
The pioneer farmer of the days of Lincolncould place his family on a flatboat, strike into the wilderness, cut out hisclearing, and with little or no capital go on to the achievement of industrialindependence.
The works oftravelers along each frontier from colonial days onward describe certain commontraits, and these traits have, while softening down, still persisted assurvivals in the place of their origin, even when a higher social organizationsucceeded.
4 quotes from Frederick Jackson Turner: ..
The Significance of the Frontier in American History (1894) | AHA Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines.
As the quotes above show, Turner believed there was a sort of Frederick Jackson Turner Quotes - BrainyQuote Enjoy the best Frederick Jackson Turner Quotes at BrainyQuote.
― Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier in American History
The 1973 edition of hadn't spared the dark side of the frontier, but it continued to acknowledge the frontier's power and positive importance, both as myth and as reality. "In the end," it concluded "the frontier united the nation. [It] became our 'road of destiny,' as Willa Cather expressed it. 'Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past.' The West with its recurrent cycle of growth from primitive conditions, motivated by and continually selecting its own myths and legends, pervaded American life and will continue tomorrow as it has impressed our yesterdays." That's clumsy enough, but the revised edition, choking on its own prose, seems unable to elaborate any theme except the one-damn-thing-after-another recitation of the violence inflicted on land and people. Its conclusion chops off the second part of the Cather quote and declares that while the "frontier myth" may have become "no more than a refuge for extreme conservatism," it could be "reformulated ... to match the needs and aspirations of a new century." But aside from its declaration that "the Native Americans offer heroic examples of resistance, survival and adaptation" (and that "no story in our history is more inspiring than their tale of persistence and resurgence") and its platitudes about settlers who "were not only male but female, not only white and Anglo, but German, African, Mexican and Asian [and who] stood alone against authority but also welcomed the assistance of an active government," it doesn't suggest much to celebrate. The most compelling example of resurgent Native Americans in recent years has been their success in parlaying huge sums from the proceeds of gambling casinos into political clout at the statehouse. "The struggle to build a humane and equitable society out of the legacies of colonialism continues," Faragher concludes, "and we must continue struggling to resolve the dilemmas of development." Is colonialism really the West's most important legacy, and are the examples of heroic Native Americans really our most promising resource? Is this the way to hook kids on history?
But of course it was the American political and legal traditions--the Constitution, the courts, the civil rights laws (which get hardly a mention)--that made the resurgence possible, and it was the strong national economy and the opportunities it provided that attracted most of those Mexican Americans in the first place. In the earlier edition, the railroads got their due for making travel easier and opening the West, and for the corruption associated with their construction. In the new edition, the corruption remains but the trip West is only hot and dirty. Likewise, the great reclamation projects are noted mostly for how they destroyed watersheds and native lands and didn't help small farmers, but rarely (if ever) for their success in making much of an otherwise uninhabitable region livable and productive. Silicon Valley is mentioned as the base of the new "manufacturing giants" but is not acknowledged as the source of a technology that's revolutionizing the globe. And Faragher does not have the remotest interest in the progressive political institutions--the initiative, the referendum, the recall--that flourished in the West, nor does he note that environmentalism grew out of the West to become a major global movement, nor does he bother with Turner's questions about how the unique institutions of American democracy were formed. He does not point out that it was the West that invented and fostered the great public university systems that remain a model for the world. Populism gets its pages, but progressivism, which received a passing mention in the earlier edition, does not. The role of Mary Lease as "one of a number of remarkable [populist] women" grows from the first edition as do those of other women, but Lease's anti-Semitism (mentioned in 1973) vanishes and her racism, her imperialism, and her plan for an ethnic partitioning of the world in which North Americans would "import vast swarms of Asiatics as [plantation] laborers" are ignored. Faragher is nothing if not politically correct.
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Frederick Jackson Turner - Weber State University
part of the Cather quote and declares that while the "frontier myth" may have become "no more than ..
PBS - The West - Frederick Jackson Turner
Frontier Thesis - Wikipedia
Frederick Jackson Turner (1861-1932) ..
Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future.
The Turner Theses - History RFD
One target of the new revisionism was Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier thesis, first enunciated in 1893, that "the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development." It was the frontier, which Turner described as "the meeting point between savagery and civilization," that was "the line of most effective and rapid Americanization." The frontier shaped American democracy. Although Henry Nash Smith pretty well deconstructed a lot of that a half-century ago, the classic frontier drama--the pioneer West of the dime novels, of Daniel Boone, Davy Crockett, and Buffalo Bill, and of the Hollywood of John Ford, John Wayne, and Gary Cooper--has remained the dominant myth of American development to this day. The Turner thesis, as Patricia Nelson Limerick wrote, was supposed to fit everything into a single scheme: farming, mining, overland trade, fur trade, town founding, merchandizing, logging. And a grand scheme it was. Democracy, Turner argued, was not brought to New England on the Mayflower; the fountainhead of our democratic habits and institutions--the independence, the opportunity, the freedom, the self-reliance--was the frontier experience.
American Studies 101: 2a Turner's Frontier Thesis
The principal conclusion of this research was that the buried black organic soil layer, representing the rich archaeological deposits first documented by Frederick Houghton of the Buffalo Museum of Science, which contains evidence of approximately 4,000 years of pre-contact occupation of the river shore, extends west from the Niagara River for some 400 metres, north from the Peace Bridge for approximately 600 metres, and south by 200 metres thereby encompassing an area of about 24 hectares (60 acres). Moreover, this deposit extends southward from the Peace Bridge for a considerable distance, as suggested originally by Houghton. Excavations at the Snake Hill site (AfGr-6), an American military cemetery dating to 1814 and located approximately 2.6 km further south along the shore of the river and lake, yielded, in addition to the remains of American soldiers, evidence of the buried artifact-laden soil horizon, and of extensive use of the site from Archaic times through to the Early Iroquoian period.
02.05.2010 · 2a Turner's Frontier Thesis ..
That unifying concept left out a lot, disconnected today's West from the West of the frontier, and reduced a rich and complex story to what was often not much more than jingoistic simplicity. "Turner was, to put it mildly, ethnocentric and nationalistic," Limerick wrote in , the book that helped set off the rush to revise back in the late 1980s. "English-speaking white men were the stars of his story; Indians, Hispanics, French Canadians, and Asians were at best supporting actors and at worst invisible. Nearly as invisible were women, of all ethnicities... ." Later she would say that much of Turner's work was also racist. And since Turner's perspective was largely midwestern--he taught at Wisconsin (and then later at Harvard)--he almost entirely neglected the arid West. "Deserts, mountains, mines, towns, cities, railroads, territorial government, and the institutions of commerce and finance never found much of a home in his model," Limerick wrote.
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