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the comma should go after the closing parenthesis: ..

A colon (:) has three main uses. The first is after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series.

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Capitalization After Colons - Grammar & Punctuation | …

Place a comma after words introducing short direct quotations, declarations and direct questions (a colon is needed to introduce longer sentences):

When used in place of parentheses at the end of a sentence, only a single dash is used.

In cases such as the last two, use no punctuation after the annunciatory statement or insert a phrase such as "the following," "as follows" or "as illustrated," which then takes a colon.

APA Style Blog: Punctuating Around Quotation Marks

The colon introduces a list, but should not be used after "such as," "for instance" or "for example," or if the list is the object or complement of an element in the annunciatory statement:

The traditional rule, and one especially suited to the common in typescripts (as opposed to desktop publishing): put one space after a comma or semicolon; put two spaces after a (sentence-ending) period, exclamation point, or question mark. Colons have been known to go either way. For spaces after quotation marks, base your choice on the punctuation inside the quotation. Publishers often (but not always) use standard word spacing between sentences (it's a matter of ), and it seems to be gaining ground among typists today, perhaps through the influence of desktop publishing. In any case, it's nothing to fret about.

Punctuation after parenthesis by Michelle Piazza - issuu

Square brackets, often simply called brackets, are more disconnective than parentheses. They are used to enclose material too extraneous for parentheses. Use brackets for editorial comments or additional information on material written by someone else. To use ordinary parentheses for this purpose would give the impression that the inserted words were those of the person quoted. Square brackets should also enclose translations given immediately after short quotations, terms and titles of books or articles. See for detailed information and examples.

There are a few instances where it's wise to put the punctuation outside the quotation marks — cases where it's really important whether the punctuation mark is part of the quotation or not. A software manual, for instance, might have to make it very clear whether the period is part of a command or simply ends the sentence in which the command appears: getting it wrong means the command won't work. Bibliographers are concerned with the exact form of the punctuation in a book. In these cases, it makes sense. Most of the time, though — when lives don't depend on whether the comma is or isn't part of the quotation — stick with the general usage outlined above; it's what publishers expect.

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  • Using commas for parenthesis - Grammar Monster

    As a general rule, in English there is no space before and one space after a punctuation mark. Exceptions follow.

  • Colon (punctuation) - Wikipedia

    No space before or after a period when followed by a comma or a closing quotation mark, parenthesis or bracket:

  • Punctuation, Quotation Marks, and Footnotes - The …

    See for the use of the question mark with quotation marks and other punctuation.

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Punctuation, Quotation Marks, and Footnotes

Semicolons may be used in place of commas to separate parallel elements in a series if these elements are complex or contain internal punctuation, or if greater emphasis is desired:

the punctuation puzzle - Everything After Z by …

Note that the expression such as is used to introduce an example, not an appositive, and therefore is not followed by a comma. It may be preceded by a comma or other punctuation, as required in the sentence.

How many spaces after the punctuation at the end of a ..

If the appositive contains internal commas, it is best introduced by a mark other than the comma. In the following example, a colon would be an improvement over the comma after legacy:

use any special punctuation before or after using a parenthesis

In America, commas and periods go inside quotation marks, while semicolons and colons go outside, regardless of the punctuation in the original quotation. Question marks and exclamation points depend on whether the question or exclamation is part of the quotation, or part of the sentence containing the quotation. Some examples:

the period goes after the closing parenthesis.

Why should you care? In some style guides, some compound modifiers — especially when that don't end in -ly modify adjectives — are when they appear in the “attributive” position, but not in the “predicate” position. In other words, there's no hyphen if the adjective phrase is what is being predicated. That usually means they should be hyphenated when they come before the noun they modify, but not after, although that's not always the case. For example:

Parentheses -- The Punctuation Guide

If a parenthetic expression is removed from the sentence, the remainder of the sentence should read as a coherent, grammatically correct whole. For example, the sentence

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