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Protein Synthesis -Translation and Regulation

TranslationIt is the synthesis of a polypeptide, which occurs under the direction of mRNA.

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Drag-and-Drop Protein Synthesis: Translation - zeroBio

I hope that this presentation was beneficial to your overall understanding of the transcription and translation processes of protein synthesis.


Translation elongation is second in protein synthesis steps

The mRNA strand then
attaches itself to a

(mRNA- Orange)

(Ribosome- Green) In Translation the tRNA, which is
carrying an amino acid,
attaches to the start codon of
the mRNA.

Protein Synthesis(Translation) | Simplified Biology

Transcription and translation.

The three codons, UAA known as ochre, UAG as amber and UGA as opal, that do not code for an amino acid but act as signals for the termination of protein synthesis.
Stop Codon
Transcription Factor
A regulatory protein that binds to DNA and affects transcription of specific genes.

One major difference between the composition of RNA and DNA is that the heterocyclic amine, adenine, on DNA codes for the incorporation of uracil in RNA rather than thymine as in DNA.
Three Stages of Translation
The initiation of translation brings together mRNA, a tRNA bearing the first amino acid of the polypeptide, and the two subunits of a ribosome.
A small ribosomal subunit binds to a molecule of mRNA.

Translation Of Protein Synthesis-Translation of mRNA …

Messenger RNA It carries a genetic message from the DNA to the protein-synthesizing machinery of the cell.

During transcription what bases will match up with a DNA strand of TGCCTAA?
3 Steps of Translation
Check yourself:
Draw a diagram of translation:
Include the following parts and label them in your diagram:
tRNA with amino acids
peptide bonds
newly formed polypeptide
One last question:
How will we get from the chain of amino acids to the functioning protein?

Translation is the last step in protein synthesis.
Translation involves decoding the mRNA that was created in Transcription to produce amino acids that come together to make a polypeptide chain, which makes up a protein.

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  • Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation - …

    Includes all the major steps of Protein Synthesis and a quiz at the end

  • Protein Synthesis Transcription Translation | i-Biology

    Protein Synthesis Protein synthesis (Translation) occurs in the cytoplasm with the help of ribosomes

  • Translation (Protein Synthesis) | A-Level Biology …

    (4E-BP1), which are involved in the initiation phase of protein synthesis, i.e

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PROTEIN Synthesis | Translation (Biology) | Rna

The modified ends may promote the export of mRNA from the nucleus, and they help protect the mRNA from degradation.
RNA Splicing
The removal of large portions of the RNA molecule that is initially synthesized.

Protein Synthesis | Translation (Biology) | Genetic Code

Integrate all aspects of protein synthesis into one process including the organelles

The End
Valentine -->
I wish I were adenine,
so I could be paried with

Lyrics of Mnemonics: Translation Process of Protein Synthesis

A stop codon (UAA, UAG, UGA) on the mRNA comes through the ribosome and signals the end of translation.
The End
Check yourself:

Protein synthesis - English - French Translation and …

Translation begins with the
mRNA exiting the nucleus and
moving into the cytoplasm.
The cytoplasm is where the
process of translation takes place.

Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation by …


Transcription is a process in protein synthesis
in which the genetic information from DNA is made
into a complimentary strand of mRNA.

Protein Synthesis (Translation) | Microbiology

During this stage, there is a change in language: The cell must translate the base sequence of an mRNA molecule into the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide.

How DNA uses RNA and Ribosomes to make proteins

Three Stages of Transcription
Once the RNA polymerase binds to the promoter, the DNA strands unwind, and the polymerase initiates RNA synthesis at the start point of the template strand.
A collection of proteins called transcription mediate the binding of RNA polymerase an the initiation of transcription.

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