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DNA regions:Introns– do not code for protein synthesis

A Science Odyssey: DNA Workshop: Protein Synthesis

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Protein synthesis :: DNA from the Beginning

DNA carries the information for the synthesis of all the proteins of an organism. Proteins are large and complex molecules, composed of hundreds of amino acids. There are twenty different amino acids. The sequence of the nucleotides in the DNA molecule determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein molecule.

DNA and Protein Synthesis - BioTopics Website

This enzyme needs the 4 deoxynucleoside 5'-triphosphates, primer DNA, and template DNA and directs the synthesis of a DNA molecule following the sequence of the template strand.

DNA & Protein Synthesis - Quizizz

DNA is housed within the nucleus, and protein synthesis takes place in the cytoplasm, ..

Polyribosome –multiple ribosomes attach to 1 mRNA (at different sites along the strand) toenable multiple copies of the same protein to be made at the same time (Fib.3.37) – efficiency!

The information encoded in the nucleotide sequence of DNA is not used directly in protein synthesis. Instead, the information carried in the DNA molecule is encoded, or transcribed, into a special type of RNA, This process is called In transcription, the nucleotide thymine is replaced by uracil, so the pairing of nucleotides becomes A-U, while C-G remains the same. Once transcription has finished, the mRNA passes out of the nucleus and travels to a ribosome. Here the mRNA is read, and the correct amino acids are brought into specified places by another type of RNA, transfer The amino acids are then linked together by to form the protein originally specified by DNA.

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis - Biology Is Fun

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis

The information required to build resides on the in the form of sequences of , and has the form of triplets of bases called "codons" following the . Once the genetic information describing how to build a is to , it has to be "translated" into the "language" of the protein. The sequence of on the RNA forms a code for the building blocks of the protein. The word "translation" seems particularly appropriate for this process since the information contained in the DNA is translated from the four-character alphabet of the bases to the twenty-character alphabet of the amino acids.

Molecules of tRNA are formed in the nucleus and migrate into the cytoplasm. There are twenty different types of tRNA, one for each type of amino acid. Each type of tRNA can grab one kind of amino acid molecule. Each tRNA has a three-base segment called an which is complementary to a codon on the mRNA. In protein synthesis, a tRNA molecule carrying an amino acid molecule becomes attached briefly to the mRNA at a codon complementary to its anticodon. Then a tRNA complementary to the adjacent codon attached on the mRNA. A peptide bond forms between the two amino acid molecules carried by the tRNAs. Amino acids are added one at a time to the growing chain as the mRNA strand is "read." This continues until a termination (stop) codon is encountered. After each peptide bond is formed, the tRNA is released to go and pick up a new amino acid in the cytoplasm.

There are 2 processes in protein synthesis: Transcription (DNA makes all 3 forms ..
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  • DNA, RNA and protein – the Central Dogma - Science …

    The DNA serves as the blueprint for the proteins that will be created through the process of protein synthesis.


    DNA, RNA and protein ..

  • DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis - PBS


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DNA to Protein Synthesis | Genetics | Uzinggo

I will attach the assignment with the images later in my account
Lab: An Introduction to Genetic Processes
Part A: DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis and Sources of Variability Exercise
1. Illustrate your understanding of complimentary bases and DNA Replication by providing the triplet of bases that are complimentary to the original DNA triplet, and that would attach to the exposed DNA triplet during the first state of DNA replication.
Sample DNA Triplet DNA triplet replicated
with complimentary Bases
1. AAG example: TTC
2. TCT
3. GCC
4. ATA
5. TGA
6. CCA
7. GTT
8. GCA
9. AAA
10. GGT
Exercise 2: Illustrate the rule of complimentary bases and the process of Protein Synthesis, using the following partial DNA sequence that codes for the production of collagen. Complete the following table, using Table 3.1 as a reference.
DNA Transcribe
with mRNA Translate
with tRNA
Amino Acid
(see Table 3.1)
1. ATG
2. CCC
3. GGC
4. CTT
5. ATT
6. TTC
7. TAC
8. AAC
9. TTT
10. GGT example: CCA Proline
Exercise Three: Illustrate the role of mutation in Protein Synthesis
Step One: Transcribe the DNA strand for normal hemoglobin with mRNA complementary bases:
Step Two: Using the chart attached as a reference “translate” each triplet of bases above with the corresponding amino acid:
(see APPENDIX Table 3-1)
Step Three: In the original DNA strand, a point mutation HAS occurred and the third thymine (counting left to right in the original DNA code) has been replaced by adenine. Retranslate that particular amino acid where that point mutation has occurred:
Step Four: This point mutation causes a very specific illness described in your text. What is this illness and what are the consequences for an individual with this point mutation?
Part B: Analyzing Karotypes and Cellular Genetics
Exercise One: Review the following karyotype and answer the related questions below:

DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis | Tocris Bioscience

The protein chain produced up to that point is then released from the ribosome, and then folds itself up into its secondary and tertiary structures.The final page in this sequence looks very briefly at what happens when the code in DNA becomes changed in some way .

Answers to DNA replication protein synthesis

coli, DNA polymerase I (which has both 5' ---> 3' and 3' ---> 5' exonuclease activity in addition to its polymerase activity) removes the RNA primer and simultaneously synthesizes new DNA to replace it.

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