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A work sheet about with A01/A02 points about the Matching Hypothesis

The matching hypothesis predicts that Sandra will look for a partner who

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Resourcd | Matching Hypothesis Worksheet

Lesson on matching hypothesis. Adapted from another one found on this site. The first video referred to is linked to under my videos. I'm not able to upload the second as the file is too big, but it's Chandler in Friends asking out Aurora.

Berscheid, Dion, Walster, and Walster (1971) tested the matching hypothesis, ..

Beyond the health consequences of work, the model also captures the perspectives of the work’s organizers who are concerned with productivity results. The psychological demand dimension relates to “how hard workers work”; the decision latitude dimension reflects work organization issues of who makes decisions and who does what tasks. The model’s active learning hypothesis describes the motivation processes of high performance work. The economic logic of extreme labour specialization, the past conventional wisdom about productive job design is contradicted by adverse health consequences in the Demand/Control model. The model implies alternative, health-promoting perspectives on work organization which emphasize broad skills and participation for workers, and which may also bring economic advantages for innovative manufacturing and in service industries because of the increased possibilities for learning and participation.

Psychlopedia - matching hypothesis. - History

Physical attractiveness and dating choice: A test of the matching hypothesis

Since the early 1980s, many epidemiological studies have examined the specific hypothesis suggested by the Demand/ Control model developed by Karasek and others (Karasek and Theorell 1990; Johnson and Johansson 1991). This model states that job strain results from work organizations that combine high- performance demands with low levels of control over how the work is to be done. According to the model, work control can be understood as “job decision latitude”, or the task-related decision-making authority permitted by a given job or work organization. This model predicts that those workers who are exposed to high demand and low control over an extended period of time will have a higher risk of neurohormonal arousal which may result in adverse pathophysiological effects on the CVD system - which could eventually lead to increased risk of atherosclerotic heart disease and myocardial infarction.

The hypothesis that people ingest alcohol even in an incipiently abusive pattern to reduce stress and anxiety is no longer accepted as adequate. Contemporary approaches to alcohol abuse view it as determined by processes set forth in a multifactorial model or models (Gorman 1994). Among risk factors for alcohol abuse, recent reviews refer to the following factors: sociocultural (i.e., whether alcohol is readily available and its use tolerated, condoned or even promoted), socio-economic (i.e., the price of alcohol), environmental (alcohol advertising and licensing laws affect the consumers’ motivation to drink), interpersonal influences (such as family drinking habits), and employment-related factors, including stress at work (Gorman 1994). It follows that stress is but one of several factors in a multidimensional model that explains alcohol abuse.

Resourcd | matching hypothesis powerpoint

How could you explain the matching hypothesis in terms of operant conditioning

The matching hypothesis A Level Psychology Marked by Teachers com University of Denver Top Doctorate of Psychology Psyd Programs PsyD Psychology

The first hypothesis is that the most adverse reactions of psychological strain occur (fatigue, anxiety, depression and physical illness) when the psychological demands of the job are high and the worker’s decision latitude in the task is low ( [PSY02FE], lower right cell). These undesirable stress-like reactions, which result when arousal is combined with restricted opportunities for action or coping with the stressor, are referred to as psychological strain (the term stress is not used at this point as it is defined differently by many groups).

(1976) and called the matching hypothesis
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  • Conducting Educational Research - Educational …

    Matching Hypothesis: ..

  • SparkNotes: Social Psychology: Attraction

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Strategic Family Theory and Therapy - PsychPage

1) What is a defence mechanism?: 2) What is the Id?: 3) What is an Ego defence mechanism?: 4) One of the concepts of the humanistic-existential approach is: 5) An example of classical conditioning is: 6) Operant conditioning: 7) Which one of the following would a client centred therapist use? 8) The somatogenic hypothesis advocated that causes of psychological disorders were found in: 9) According to the psychoanalytic approach, an attempt to integrate values learned from parents and society is called? 10) Which of the following of Freud's ideas is still important to psychopathology today? 11) Which of the following is not a treatment developed from classical conditioning principles?

I Hate Myself: Why Self-Hatred Occurs and How to Stop It

Berscheid, Dion, Walster, and Walster (1971) tested the , which was that people would seek to date others of the same "social desirability" level. The matching hypothesis is based on the assumption that people make choices in order to avoid rejection and maximize probability of attaining their goal (a romantic relationship). Several studies supported this conclusion. For example, in one study subjects were asked to pick out a date from six photographs of opposite-sexed peers. Subjects tended to select a potential date who matched their own level of attractiveness.

Educational Psychology Interactive: Motivation

Diamond hypothesized that children with autism might have a similar problem in grasping the conceptual connections between physically unconnected things. She predicted that by physically connecting items that are meant to be conceptually connected, some children with autism would be able to grasp concepts and understand connections that had eluded them. Thus, her hypothesis was that children with autism (even preschoolers with mild developmental delays) ARE capable of deducing abstract rules (such as same or different) if there is a direct, physical connection between stimuli and rewards. Most behavioral training with children with autism or developmental delays has not considered whether it matters if cue and referent are physically connected. It would be wonderful if making such a simple change could enable these children to grasp concepts previously thought to be beyond their ability.

Type I and type II errors - Wikipedia

The dynamic version of the Demand/Control model () integrates environment effects with person-based phenomena such as self-esteem development and long-term exhaustion. The dynamic version integrates person-based and environmental factors by building two combined hypotheses on the original strain and learning mechanisms: (a) that stress inhibits learning; and (b) that learning, in the long term, can inhibit stress. The first hypothesis is that high-strain levels may inhibit the normal capacity to accept a challenge, and thus inhibit new learning. These high-strain levels may be the result of long-lasting psychological strain accumulated over time - and reflected in person-based measures (, diagonal arrow B). The second hypothesis is that new learning may lead to feelings of mastery or confidence - a person-based measure. These feelings of mastery, in turn, can lead to reduced perceptions of event as stressful and increased coping success ( , diagonal arrow A). Thus, environmental factors, over the long term, partly determine personality, and later, environmental effects are moderated by these previously developed personality orientations. This broad model could incorporate the following, more specific measures of personal response: feelings of mastery, denial, alexithymia, trait anxiety, trait anger, vital exhaustion, burnout, culmulative life-stressor implications, and possibly Type A behaviour components.

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