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Notizen. Synthesis of (−)-Isohomolavandulol from (+)-Limonene

Limonene can be distilled from this oil for both technical and food based uses.

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Podleiski Synthesis of ( - )-Isohomolavandulol from ( + )-Limonene J

Le limonène est utilisé comme solvant dans le dégraissage des métaux avant peinture, comme agent nettoyant dans les industries de l'électronique et de l'imprimerie et comme solvant pour peintures.

In male rats, exposure to  d-limonene causes damage to the kidneys and renal tumours.

Limonene is used as a solvent in degreasing metals prior to industrial painting, for cleaning in the electronic and printing industries, and in paint as a solvent.

Limonene (Solvent or perfume?) – Molecule of the Day

Clinical experience of  d-limonene as a simple, safe and effective solvent.

It is used in degreasing metals (30% limonene) prior to industrial painting, for cleaning in the electronic industry (50-100% limonene), for cleaning in the printing industry (30-100% limonene), and in paint as a solvent.

One advantage is that limonene is not toxic and is replacing the use of solvents like methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), xylene (dimethylbenzene) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), the use of which has been banned.

Synthesis description for preparation of LIMONENE

Igimi H, Hisatsugu T, Nishimura M (1976) The use of  d-limonene preparation as a dissolving agent of gallstones.

In cats, infusion of 97% d-limonene into the bile system to dissolve gallstones caused acute and chronic inflammatory changes (Schenk et al., 1980).

d-Limonene infused directly into the bile system of human volunteers to dissolve gallstones caused pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea, as well as increases in serum aminotransferases and alkaline phosphatase (Igimi et al., 1976, 1991).

Limonene is used as a substitute for chlorinated hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, and other solvents.
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  • 08/08/2009 · Canadian Journal of Chemistry, ..

    Karlberg A-T, Boman A, Melin B (1991) Animal experiments on the allergenicity of d-limonene - the citrus solvent.

  • limonene, (+-)-isomer, CAS Number: 95327-98-3

    Karlberg A-T, Magnusson K, Nilsson U (1992) Air oxidation of d-limonene (the citrus solvent) creates potent allergens.

  • the synthesis of this epoxide from limonene ..

    A Limonene Isomer; Synthesis: A Norbonane Derivative; Synthesis: Acetaminophen;

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Limonene is also used as a solvent in histological laboratories and as a flavour and fragrance additive in food, household cleaning products, and perfumes.

Synthesis of (+)-perillyl alcohol from (+)-limonene

Tsuji M, Fujisaki Y, Okubo A, Arikawa Y, Noda K, Ide H, Ikeda T (1975b) Studies on d-limonene, as gallstone solubilizer (V): Effects on development of rat fetuses and offspring.

in three steps in gram-scale reactions

El limoneno se utiliza como disolvente para desengrasar los metales antes de la pintura industrial, para la limpieza en la industria electrónica y de la imprenta, y como disolvente en la pintura.

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